(navigation image)
Home American Libraries | Canadian Libraries | Universal Library | Community Texts | Project Gutenberg | Children's Library | Biodiversity Heritage Library | Additional Collections
Search: Advanced Search
Anonymous User (login or join us)
Upload
See other formats

Full text of "Flora Indica Vol-I"

82                                     JXORA INDICA.                  [Schizandraoea.

sed nunquam foliifera. Stamina gynoccium sequantia, connectivo apice longe subji-
lato. Carpella in spicam oblongam 3-4-pollicarem late congesta, approximata, $*
pollicaria, compressa, rotundata. Semina 1-2.

8. M* Nilagirica (Zenker, Plant. Ind. t. 20); foliis elliptic!* utriii-
que acutis vel ovalibus obtuse acurainatis utrinque glabris vel siibtus
secus costain pubescentibus, floribus albis, petalis cum sepalis 12 ex-
terioribus obovatis iuterioribus oblongo-lanceolatis acutis.—Wight! ML
i. 14, Icon. t. 938 ! Spic. Neilgh. t. 6. M. Pulneyensis, Wight !-lll.\*
14. t. 5, excl.f. 5 et 6. M. Champaca, Wall. Cat. 969 K! (nee alia
lit.) M. ovalifolia, Wight! III. i. 13.

£. Walked; arbuscula, foliis oblongis vel lanceolatis plerumque
subtus glaucescentibus 2-3 poll, longis, floiibus minoribus.—M. Wal-
ksri et M. glauca, Wiglit, EL i. 13.

HAB. la montibus altioribus peninsulas australis, alt. 6-8000 ped.,
Wight! et in summis montibus Zeylanise, Walker! etc.—(v. s.)

Arbor magnitudine varia, plerumque excelsa, in Zeylania interdum fruticosa;
partes novelise sericeo-villosfie. Folia forma valde varia, 3-5 pollices longa, 1^-2
lata, petiolo f-poll. Qicatrix stipufaris dimidium petiolum sequans. Alalastri
1—1-^-poUicares, cum pcdunculo longitudine vario dense fusco-scricei (ih jB cinereo-
aericei). Spatha 2. 'Carfell a in spicam 2-3-pollicarem disposita, subcompressa, ro-
tundata. Semina, plerumque solitaria.

Our variety ft (from Ceylon) has at first sight so very different an aspect from the
peninsular plant, that we can scarcely persuade ourselves that it is not distinct. We
have, however, failed to discover satisfactory characters to distinguish these plants in-
the dried state j but botanists who have an opportunity of observing the living plant
may perhaps he more successful. The Ceylon plant, of which we have seen a
rather extensive suite of specimens, varies much in the size of the flower and in the
shape of the leaves; and the small lanceolate-leaved states appear to pass insensibly
into a plant with oval leaves, which, though usually more coriaceous., are sometimes
quite undistinguishable from those of the typical M. Nllagirica. ^phese small states,
which have sometimes nine instead of twelve petals, seem in many of our specimens
to be diseased, the flowers .being unusually small, the stamens few and abbreviated,
and the young carpels abnormally swollen, as if punctured by an insect, and appa-
rently abortive. Perhaps,' therefore, it will be found that the -broad-leaved arbores-
cent state is the normal form in Ceylon as well as in the peninsula, and that the
lanceolate-leaved state is an accidental variety. M. glauca of "Wight is certainly
only an abnormal form, with broadly obovate leaves, for the glaucous hue of the
under surface is not confined to specimens with that form of leaf, but is seen equally
in the oval and lanceolate-leaved plants, and is often observed on the same specimen
with leaves not at all glaucous below.

IV. 80HIZAJVTDRA.CEJB.
Ilores unisexuales. fiepala et petala hypogyna teraatim vel quina-
tim pluriserialia, eestivatione imbricata. • Stamina (lefinita vel indqfiuita,
toro depresso vel conico inserta. Mlamenta libera vel plus tmnus
coalita. Anthera adnatae, biloculares, plerumque varie heteroraorphse.
Ovaria indefinita, in capitulum oblongum vel subglobosum cbalita.
Ovula iu*sutura ventral! 2-8, amphitropa vel'fere campylotropa. Baccce
dissepimento 'spurio transverse bi- (rarius tri-) loculares, dispermse.